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William Pinckney HILL

Male 1811 - 1870  (58 years)


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  • Name William Pinckney HILL 
    Born 26 Oct 1811  Jasper Co., GA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 30 Apr 1870  Athens, Clarke Co., GA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Notes 
    • From the book, "Senator Benjamin H. Hill of Georgia, His Life, Speeches and Writings" by Benj. H. Hill, Jr., written in 1891, published 1893 in Atlanta, GA. pp. 12-13
      "...It is proper to say in this place that one other son (besides Benj. Harvey Hill), William Pinckney, also received from his father the advantages of a collegiate education. But he did not graduate, leaving college before his course was completed and going to Texas to fight Indians and Mexicans. While at college this brother was considered a young man of great genius. It is related that he and the late Bishop George F. Pearce, who were classmates, began preaching together, and that the sermons delivered by young Pinckney Hill were considered superior to those of George F. Pearce. When we consider that Bishop Pearce was the most eloquent preacher ever produced in the South, we can but regret that young Hill decided to change his vocation in life. After the first enthusiasm of youth had been expended in many contests with the Indians and Mexicans, William Pinckney Hill settled in Texas, selecting law as his profession. He rose to great eminence as a lawyer and was easily the leader of the Texas bar. I have heard my father state that if the Southern Confederacy had established a supreme court, that Mr. Davis would have selected his brother as the first chief justice..."


      From the New Handbook of Texas, Vol. 3, pgs. 609-618

      William Pinckney Hill, Confederate judge, son of John and Sarah (Parham) Hill, and older brother of Sen. Benj. Harvey Hill of GA, moved to Bastrop, TX in the late 1830's. He had received some college education in GA and was active as a preacher. In Bastrop, he was part owner of a steam mill, and served several months as mayor. He practiced law in Marshall, TX. Confederate President Jefferson Davis appointed him district judge of the Eastern District of Texas, which held court on circuit schedule in Galveston, Tyler, Austin, and Brownsville. He became ill in April, 1870 in Washington D.C., went first to Tennessee and then to Georgia to recover. He died April 30, 1870, while visiting his brother in Athens, GA.

      From: "A Comprehensive History of Texas" Vol. I and II, pg. 144, 1845-1897, pub. by Wm. G. Scarff, Dallas, TX, 1898, edited by W. G. Wooten.

      "The Confederate government established two Judicial Districts over one of which was appointed Wm. Pinckney Hill and the other Thomas J. Devine, both of whom held district courts in Texas during the Confederacy. They were engaged principally in adjudicating matters pertaining to the military affairs of the government. (1864 Gov. Pendelton Murrah)"
      From the New Handbook of Texas Online. https://www.tsha.utexas.edu/handbook/online/articles/view/FF/jpf1.html
      "When Texas seceded, judges Watrous and Duvall were the only Southern district judges to opt for the Union. In consequence, William Pinckney Hill and Thomas J. Devineqqv were appointed by the Confederate government as judges of the Confederate Eastern and Western District Courts, respectively."
      BIBLIOGRAPHY: Charles L. Zelden, Justice Lies in the District: The U.S. District Court, Southern District of Texas, 1902-1960 (College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 1993).


      6/12/00 From the Handbook of Texas Online; https://www.tsha.utexas.edu/cgi-bin/web_fetch_doc?dataset=tsha.dst&db=handbook&doc_id=13721&query=William+Pinckney+Hill

      HILL, WILLIAM PINCKNEY (?-1870). William Pinckney Hill, Confederate judge, was born in Georgia, the son of John and Sarah (Parham) Hill; his birthdate is not known, but he was somewhat older than his brother, United States senator Benjamin H. Hill of Georgia, who was born in 1823. Before moving to Bastrop, Texas, in the late 1830s, William Pinckney Hill received some college education and was active as a preacher. While in Bastrop, he was part owner of a steam mill and served for several months as mayor in 1839. He subsequently practiced law in Marshall. In 1861 Confederate president Jefferson Davisqv appointed him district judge of the Eastern District of Texas, which held court on a circuit schedule in Galveston, Tyler, Austin, and Brownsville. Because Galveston was considered unsafe during the Civil War,qv Hill moved the court to Houston in January 1862. His court disposed of numerous cases under the Sequestration Act. As required by that act, he appointed at least five receivers to seize the property of alien enemies (United States citizens) and to garnish debts due them. He presided over eighteen admiralty cases by means of which the Confederacy confiscated enemy ships seized on the Texas coast.

      In 1863 and again in 1865 Hill was widely mentioned as a candidate for governor but declined to run. He was considered a principal contender for chief justice of the Supreme Court of the Confederacy, a court debated but never established by the Confederate Congress. In 1866 he was nominated for the Supreme Court of Texas but refused to run. He practiced law in Galveston after the war and in 1869 went to Washington, D.C., to represent the Galveston, Houston and Henderson Railway Company in a case pending before the United States Supreme Court. He became ill and went first to Tennessee and then to Georgia to recover. He died on April 30, 1870, while visiting his brother in Athens, Georgia.

      BIBLIOGRAPHY: Charles Adams Gulick, Jr., Harriet Smither, et al., eds., The Papers of Mirabeau Buonaparte Lamar (6 vols., Austin: Texas State Library, 1920-27; rpt., Austin: Pemberton Press, 1968). Nowlin Randolph, "Judge William Pinckney Hill Aids the Confederate War Effort," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 68 (July 1964). William M. Robinson, Jr., Justice in Grey: A History of the Judicial System of the Confederate States of America (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1941).

      There were several land transactions in 1839-40 between Wm. Pinckney and his brothers Isaac Lafayette and James Madison Hill as evidenced by these deeds in Chambers Co., AL.

      Microfilm Roll #1854661. Chambers County, Alabama. (sent to me by Patricia Laird Howard, 7/20/99, email: PAHoward@concentric.net)

      Vol 3, 1838-1840, page 369-370.
      W. Pinkney Hill to Isaac La Fayette Hill Power of Attorney Republic of Texas, County of Bastrop. Mentions W. Pinkney Hill of said county giving Isaac La Fayette Hill of the County of Austin in said Republic Power of Attorney to sell to James M. Hill of the State of Georgia, and United States of America or any other persons, certain parcels of land in Texas. This deed is dated 9th September 1839.

      Volume 3, 1839-1840, page 370-372.
      This deed is between Isaac La Fayette Hill and James M. Hill. Dated (10th?) January 1840. Isaac LaFayette Hill agent of W. Pinkney Hill of the City and county of Bastrop and Republic of Texas to James Madison Hill formerly of the county of Troup and State of Georgia now of the County of Chambers State of Alabama of the Second part, certain parcels of land in Texas.


    Person ID I0058  Hill Genealogy
    Last Modified 3 Jul 2008 

    Father Frank MORLAND,   d. UNKNOWN 
    Mother Eva ICKE,   d. UNKNOWN 
    Family ID F0019  Group Sheet